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Hawkweed: cultivation and care


Hawkweed is popular as a perennial and cut flower. The little hawkweed and the orange-red hawkweed can be found here in the portrait.

Hieracium is similar to the dandelion - the hawkweed (hieracium) is quickly confused with the dandelion at first glance and viewed from a distance. Especially if it was planted in a flower meadow. But quite different from the dandelion, the light yellow, yellow-orange, sometimes even orange-red blossom has a special charm. The hawkweed got its name because of its effect - which was once attributed to it - to improve human eyesight.

The hawkweed, which grows between 10 and 30 centimeters (depending on the variety), has an extremely long flowering period, which begins with most varieties in May and continues into October. Depending on the variety, you can use it to create a colorful carpet of flowers from light yellow to red-orange in your garden.

By the way:
The orange-red hawkweed was even honored by being declared a district plant of the Bavarian administrative district of Swabia.

Hawkweed - 2 popular varieties

Hieracium pilosella

The little hawkweed has a long flowering period -
The little hawkweed (Hieracium pilosella)
Use:as perennial, cut flower, planting in containers
Height:100-200 cm
Spread:200-300 cm
Leaves:lanceolate, entire, hairy
Bloom:May - September
Location:Sun
Ground:well-drained, nutrient-poor, dry, also stony
"Show more pictures and data

Hieracium aurantiacum

Orange hawkweed: a popular rock garden plant -
Orange hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum)
Use:as a perennial, in the rock garden or for planting pots
Height:100 - 300 cm
Spread:100 - 300 cm
Leaves:lanceolate, entire, hairy
Location:Sun
Ground:well-drained, slightly acidic, rocky, low in nutrients, dry
"Show more pictures and data

Plant hawkweed

Hawkweed can easily be grown in rock gardens, as it can cope with extremely dry soils. However, the hieracium prefers a nutrient-rich soil and also spreads there more.

" Tip:
Hieracium is offered in many nurseries at affordable prices and in a diverse range of species.

Furthermore, the hardy perennial always needs a full sun location. However, it usually multiplies all by itself in the garden bed due to falling seeds and root runners. If there is heavy growth, you should definitely contain the small hawkweed accordingly.

" Tip:
You can of course also plant hawkweed in tubs. Accordingly, it is also ideal for balcony planting.

Hawkweed care

If the hieracium spreads too much in a garden bed or on a meadow, you should quickly contain it again (e.g. fight it with a spade) so that it does not become a nuisance. If you pluck the flowers shortly before wilting, you automatically curb heavy growth.

For this reason, special perennial cultivars have now been bred in the nursery, which have so-called sterile flowers (seedless flowers with a shorter flowering period). However, the root runners in these cultivated forms of the hawkweed often spread directly under the ground and must also be stopped from time to time by a groundbreaking.

Otherwise the hawkweed is extremely easy to care for and does not require any gardening work - no watering or fertilizing!